In 1965 an Esso/BHP Billiton joint venture drilled Australia's first offshore well and discovered the Barracouta gas field in Bass Strait.
Two years later Kingfish was discovered, the first offshore oil field, which to this day remains the largest oil field ever discovered in Australia.
These, and other subsequent world-class discoveries in Bass Strait, off Victoria's Gippsland coast, have led to significant changes to Australia's industry and economy.
Massive infrastructure costing billions of dollars has been built to develop, produce and process the crude oil and gas, which is used to power industry, fuel vehicles, heat homes and manufacture products in Australia and overseas.
There are now 23 offshore platforms and installations in Bass Strait, including the new Marlin B platform and Kipper subsea wells, which feed a network of 600km of underwater pipelines and keep the oil and gas flowing, 24 hours a day.
To date, more than four billion barrels of crude oil and around eight trillion cubic feet of gas have been produced. And our future remains bright - with Bass Strait continuing to supply vital energy to Australians for more decades to come.
Living and working offshore
Up to 300 ExxonMobil personnel and contractors are living and working offshore at any one time. Platforms operate 24 hours a day and crews typically work 12 hour shifts on a seven-days-on and seven-days-off roster.
The biggest platforms are capable of sleeping up to 80 people at any one time although the actual number of personnel on a platform varies considerably depending on the platform's current work program.
An effort is made to provide as many home comforts as possible. The platforms have gymnasiums and recreational rooms where off-duty personnel can workout, watch television, play pool or computer games. There are also fully equipped kitchens which provide thousands of meals each year.
Reflecting the international nature of the oil and gas industry the platforms usually comprise a mix of personnel from all over the world. At any one time it would not be unusual for more than a dozen nationalities to be represented in Bass Strait.
Platform crews are typically made up of a supervisor, who oversees all work undertaken on the platform; operators, who control the crude oil and gas flow to the surface and monitor the processing facilities on each platform; maintenance personnel, who look after electrical, mechanical and instrumentation equipment; crane drivers; trades assistants; and platform services operators who also carry out first aid duties as required. Contractors do most of the other specialised jobs like drilling, construction, diving, painting and catering."
Helicopters are one of the crucial lifelines that support the oil and gas operations in Bass Strait. ExxonMobil operates Australia's largest privately owned helicopter fleet from its heliport at Longford near Sale, 220 kilometres east of Melbourne.
Leonardo AW139 helicopters operate regular morning and afternoon flights to ferry personnel to and from the platforms which are between 25 and 80 kilometres offshore.
The helicopters are capable of seating up to 12 people. They also carry more than 20 tonnes of urgent freight and critical spares per month.
In addition, a supply ship operates out of the Barry Beach Marine Terminal near Port Welshpool.
The ship operates 24 hours a day, moving between platforms loading and unloading cargo. The ship has crew of 11 and is equipped with specialised navigational equipment and propulsion systems which allow it to operate close to the offshore platforms.
Around 50 percent of the cargo delivered to the platforms is bulk products essential for drilling and oil and gas production - diesel, water, glycol, barites and cement. These are carried in below deck tanks. The balance of cargo is food and machinery which is transported on deck packed in specially designed containers.
Decommissioning in Bass Strait
Barry Beach Marine Terminal
The Barry Beach Marine Terminal is the main supply depot for our Bass Strait oil and gas operations.
Each year it facilitates the warehousing and transport of thousands of tonnes of food, supplies, fuel and equipment to 23 offshore platforms and installations that serve as bases for drilling, oil and gas production and processing.
Normally operating five days a week, the Marine Terminal is also a critical lifeline for the 300 personnel and contractors who live and work on the offshore platforms. Located near Port Welshpool in South Gippsland, Barry Beach Marine Terminal is 240 km south east of Melbourne.
Esso has awarded a contract to Qube Energy, a part of Qube Holdings, to operate Barry Beach Marine Terminal on its behalf. Qube commenced operations in November 2017.
Recent global decommissioning experience
In 2020, ExxonMobil concluded two, very different but successful offshore decommissioning campaigns in Canada and the Gulf of Mexico.
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Natural gas - an essential energy sourceVictorian homes and businesses rely heavily on natural gas. Esso Australia is working to transition to a modern gas business, focused on continuing our much-needed supply of natural gas to Victoria and eastern Australia.
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Decommissioning in Bass StraitProgress update on the decommissioning of our Bass Strait offshore facilities
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Longford PlantsLongford, with its three gas plants and one crude oil stabilisation plant, is one of the most important industrial facilities in Australia.
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